PPP: Public Private Partnership
A public private partnership, or PPP, refers to the design, construction, operation and financing by the private sector of projects or facilities for public use, such as hospitals, port facilities, water treatment plants or schools.
The public entity using PPP can be a national government, a local authority or a public institution. PPP makes it possible for public entities with limited borrowing capacity to expand their access to capital.
The operator of a PPP is remunerated by a rent paid by the public entity over a period defined by the contract.
PPP financing can be in the form of equity, bank debt or bond issues. The public may also provide guarantees or subsidies in order to limit the amounts or risks.
Avantages for the client
- known cost with the possibility of transferring some risks to the private sector
- benefit from the expertise of third parties in the private sector
- opportunity to benefit from operational gains
- guarantee on completion times
The first PPPs were launched in the United Kingdom in 1992 (Project Finance Initiative).